Risk reduction claims

Article 14(1)a claims refer to the reduction of a risk factor in the development of a disease.

Dual claims

Article 14(1)a claims, which refer to the reduction of disease risk, typically consist of two parts. They first indicate the risk factor reduced by the substance contained in the food and then indicate the disease the risk of which is reduced.

  • For example: Plant sterols and plant stanol esters have been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease.

In Finnish Food Authority's view, the claim shall be presented in the labelling or in the advertisement at least once in full without dividing it into parts. In any case, the division of a dual claim into parts may not mislead the consumer.

Application procedure

The use of Article 14 claims is based on an application procedure. These health claims may not be used until the European Commission has authorised the use of the claim under a Regulation. In other words, claims may not be used already at the stage when the application regarding the claim has been submitted.

Authorised and unauthorised Article 14 claims are found in the register maintained by the European Commission.

Page last updated 7/16/2019