Killing or slaughter of an animal must be carried out as quickly as possible and in the least painful manner. An animal may only be killed by a person with a sufficient knowledge of the killing method and technique suitable for the animal species in question, as well as with sufficient skills to perform the procedure. The permitted stunning and killing methods are presented in the Council regulation on the protection of animals at the time of killing (EC) No. 1099/2009 and in the Finnish Animal Welfare Act 247/1996 and Animal Welfare Degree 396/1996.
Religious slaughter method is permitted only in slaughterhouses in the presence of the inspection veterinarian. In addition to this, only such method of religious slaughter where bleeding is started simultaneously with stunning is permitted in Finland. Apart from some exceptions for poultry, slaughter without stunning is completely banned in Finland.