Managing animal disease risks under current structural changes in livestock farming

This project studied the relationship between structural developments in livestock production and animal diseases, with a particular view on the effects of structural developments on the competitiveness and risks of livestock production in Finland. In addition, the study produced specific data on the efficiency of various methods of risk management in Finland.

Project objects were to

1. Study developments in the structure (number, locations, sizes, operational methods of farms) of livestock production, and how alternative structural developments affect competitiveness, and production costs of pork, milk and beef.

2. Study the effects of the alternative structural developments based on the farm-level operational models mentioned above on risks from contagious animal diseases, and on the costs thereof, particularly analyzing the effects of production aspects becoming increasingly common, such as bovine three-phase production, sow pools or sheep production.

3. Study applicable methods of risk management, and how to control structural developments so that the possible risks of animal diseases related with increasing farm sizes, regional location of production and implementation of new production methods do not become too significant.

4. Compare the efficiency of risk-management methods in various epidemiologic situations and at the same time find meters (risk classification) that improve efficient targeting of risk management to farms and regions with different risks.

Research group

Tapani Lyytikäinen (Evira) 
Leena Sahlström (Evira)
Terhi Virtanen (Evira)
Jonna Kyyrö (Evira) 
Jarkko Niemi (Natural Resources Institute Finland)
Heikki Lehtonen (Natural Resources Institute Finland)
Alina Sinisalo (Natural Resources Institute Finland)

Timetable

2009 - 2013

Project funding

Development Fund Agricultural and Forestry (MAKERA), (Natural Resources Institute Finland) and Evira

Further information

Tapani Lyytikäinen, tapani.lyytikainen@foodauthority.fi

Publications

Kyyrö J, Sahlström L, Virtanen T, Lyytikäinen T, Biosecurity measures on Finnish pig farms have become more common, The13th conference of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE XIII), 20 - 24.8. 2012 Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Lyytikäinen T, Sahlström L, Virtanen T, Niemi J, Lehtonen H, Simulation based models may assist the identification of potentially large outbreaks, The13th conference of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE XIII), 20 - 24.8. 2012 Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Niemi J K, Sahlström L, Virtanen T, Lyytikäinen T, Sinisalo A, Lehtonen H, Perceptions of Finnish livestock producers regarding the costs of biosecurity, The13th conference of the In-ternational Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE XIII), 20 - 24.8. 2012 Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Niemi J K, Lehtonen H, Lyytikäinen J, Sahlström L, Virtanen T, Quantifying economic losses of FMD based on data obtained during an outbreak – simulation stury, The13th conference of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE XIII), 20 - 24.8. 2012 Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Sahlström L, Kyyrö J, Virtanen T, Lyytikäinen T, Potential for improvement of biosecurity among cattle and pig farmers, The13th conference of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE XIII), 20 - 24.8. 2012 Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Sahlström L, Virtanen T, Lyytikäinen T, Farmer visits as a potential route for disease trans-mission XVth ISAH (The International society for animal hygiene) Congress 3 - 7.7 2011 Vi-enna, Austria, Eläinlääkäripäivät 2011, Helsinki.

Lyytikäinen T, Sahlström L, Virtanen T, What would happen if a Finnish pig farm would have a FMD outbreak? 6th International Symposium on emerging and re-emerging pig diseases, 12 - 15.6 2011, Barcelona, Spain.

Virtanen T, Sahlström L, Lyytikäinen T, Sheep production as a link between production sec-tors in Finland , ISVEE XIII, 20-24.82012 Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Virtanen T, Sahlström L, Lyytikäinen T 2012. Suomalaiset lammas- ja vuohituotantotilat , Maataloustieteen päivät 2012, Helsinki.

Virtanen T, Sahlström L, Lyytikäinen T 2011. Miten lammas- ja vuohituottajat tavoitetaan?, Eläinlääkäripäivät 2011, Helsinki.