09 Reception of Animals and Information on Animals

All Oiva evaluation guidelines for approved food establishments.

9.1 Register Queries

Guide/version: 2157/04.02.00.01/2021/4, valid from 1.7.2021

To be taken into consideration:

  • This Guideline is applied to slaughterhouses, low-capacity slaughterhouses and reindeer slaughterhouses where animals of bovine species are slaughtered.
  • The operations and the own-check activities of the establishment as regards the tagging and identification of animals of bovine species (checking of ear tags, and shortcomings found in them) are evaluated in point 9.4.

Matters to be controlled:

  • A register query is made before an animal of bovine species is accepted to be transported to slaughter.
  • The establishment observes the results of the register query, such as movement restrictions, sampling requests, slaughtering bans and other notifications.
  • The establishment reports to the official veterinarian any errors occurring in the register query process and deviating results of register queries as well as the actions required due to them.
  • The adequacy and suitability of own-check activities, and where appropriate, the plan are controlled by applying the Annex to Guideline 1.6: "Adequacy and Suitability of Own-check Activities".

Excellent: Operations are in line with the requirements.Operations comply with requirements.

A register query is always made for all animals of bovine species intended to be transported to slaughter before accepting them for transport. The results of the query are checked and observed in operations.

Any errors or shortcomings in register queries are detected in the own-check activities and corrective actions are taken and recorded appropriately. Any deviations and corrective actions are reported to the official veterinarian.

Good: There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.

For example:

  • There are some minor shortcomings in the records of deviations and implemented corrective actions in the records related to the register queries made by the establishment.

To be corrected: There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.

For example:

  • Errors occur repeatedly in making register queries.
  • Errors made in register queries or deviating results of register queries or actions required due to them are not reported to the official veterinarian.

Poor: There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.

For example:

  • Repeated failure to make a register query or queries are not made at all.

Legislation and guidelines (with any amendments) pertaining to the subject:

  • Regulation (EC) No 1760/2000 on identification and registration of bovine animals
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 on hygiene rules for food of animal origin
  • Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2021/520 on the traceability of certain kept terrestrial animals
  • Act on the animal identification system 238/2010
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on the identification of bovine animals 326/2015
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food controls 315/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food hygiene 318/2021
  • Evira's Guide: Identification of bovine animals, register queries and regulatory control of these in slaughterhouses and low-capacity slaughterhouses, 16007.


Updates in version 4:

  • Guideline no. 2157/04.02.00.01/2021 replaces guideline no. 10299
  • Legislation and guidelines pertaining to the subject have been updated.

9.2 Food Chain Information and Other Comparable Information

Guide/version: 2158/04.02.00.01/2021/4, valid from 1.7.2021

To be taken into consideration:

  • As far as food chain information is concerned, this Guideline is applied to slaughterhouses that slaughter domestic animals, poultry and farmed game, and to corresponding low-capacity slaughterhouses. The Guideline is also applied to reindeer slaughterhouses and, as it concerns information accompanying hunted wild game, to game-handling establishments.
  • In addition, as it concerns information accompanying live fishery products, to establishments in the fish sector, and as it concerns information accompanying eggs, to egg-packing centres.
  • The compliance with requirements of the processing of food chain information and other comparable information and documents submitted to the food establishment is evaluated according to this Guideline.
  • Other comparable information includes, for example:
    • documents accompanying hunted wild game,
    • declarations of trained persons of a preliminary examination of wild game,
    • information accompanying live fishery products, including e.g. information on the date of catch/harvest and information on medication, as well as
    • any medication information on laying hens submitted to egg-packing centres.
  • The compliance of operations with requirements, good manufacturing practices as well as the adequacy and suitability of own-check activities to verify the management of food safety risks are taken into consideration in the evaluation.
  • The checking of the identification documents of horses is evaluated in point 9.5.
  • The quality testing of raw milk is evaluated in point 17.9.
  • Risk management related to residues of medicinal products is evaluated in point 17.11.

Matters to be controlled:

  • Requests, reception and assessment of food chain information.
  • Submission of assessment results of food chain information to the official veterinarian.
  • Own-check activities regarding time limits for submission of food chain information.
  • Reporting of shortcomings related to food chain information to the official veterinarian.
  • Submission of relevant information as feedback to the operator in primary production.
  • Own-check activities regarding information accompanying hunted wild game, and declarations of trained persons.
  • Own-check activities regarding information accompanying live fishery products.
  • Own-check activities regarding information accompanying eggs.
  • The adequacy and suitability of own-check activities, and where appropriate, the plan are controlled by applying the Annex to Guideline 1.6: "Adequacy and Suitability of Own-check Activities".

Excellent: Operations are in line with the requirements.Operations comply with requirements.

Operations comply with the requirements as regards the matters that are controlled. For example:

  • The slaughterhouse operator has verified that food chain information has been submitted to the slaughterhouse within the time limits and does not contain any clear errors or shortcomings.
  • The slaughterhouse operator has assessed food chain information for every animal or group of animals to verify that the animals can be accepted to arrive to the slaughterhouse.
  • The slaughterhouse operator has made food chain information and assessment results of food chain information available to the official veterinarian within the time limit.
  • The slaughterhouse operator has provided information on meat inspection decision, the morbidity information referred to in the Decree on monitoring of morbidity in pigs, and other relevant information to the operator in primary production.
  • Where the slaughterhouse operator has found errors or shortcomings in food chain information, they have reported this to the official veterinarian and taken actions in relation to the operator in primary production to rectify the situation.
  • The slaughterhouse operator has not accepted animals when their food chain information has revealed facts that prevent the slaughter of the animals for use as food.
  • Own-check activities regarding food chain information and also other comparable information is adequate and suitable, and corrective actions have been appropriate and adequate. The own-check describes procedures for deviations and instructions regarding reporting to the control authority. Any deviations and corrective actions have been recorded and reporting implemented to the authorities. Records are available of any deviations and corrective actions taken.

Good: There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.

For example:

  • There are some minor shortcomings in compliance with time limits specified for submission of food chain information.
  • There are some minor shortcomings in own-check activities regarding other comparable information.
  • There are some minor shortcomings regarding the implementation of own-check activities, deviations, or corrective actions.

To be corrected: There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.

For example:

  • The slaughterhouse operator has found shortcomings in food chain information but has failed to take actions in relation to the operator in primary production to rectify the situation.
  • The own-check records related to the assessment of food chain information have clear shortcomings, or no records are made, or records are not stored for the requirement length of time.
  • Shortcomings in the assessment of the submitted information as concerns other comparable information.
  • Deviations have not been recorded although it becomes known that deviations have occurred.
  • Corrective actions taken due to deviations have not been appropriate or adequate, or there is no knowledge of corrective actions.

Poor: There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.

For example:

  • The slaughterhouse operator does not check food chain information at all.
  • The assessment results of food chain information are not available.
  • The operator has failed to fulfil the orders issued with the grade To be corrected.

Legislation and guidelines (with any amendments) pertaining to the subject:

  • Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 on food law
  • Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 on hygiene rules for food of animal origin
  • Commission Implementing regulation (EU) 2019/627
  • Implementing Regulation (EC) No 2074/2005
  • Finnish Food Act 297/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food controls 315/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food hygiene 318/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on monitoring of morbidity in pigs 6/EEO/2012
  • Finnish Food Authority’s Guide 4929/04.02.00.01/2020/6: Submission and control of food chain information
  • Finnish Food Authority’s Guide 5807/04.02.00.01/2020/4: Handling of wild game meat and supply of meat for sale.


Updates in version 4

  • Guideline no. 2158/04.02.00.01/2021 replaces guideline no. 10300
  • List of legislation has been updated.

9.3 Animal Transport

Guide/version: 2159/04.02.00.01/2021/2, valid from 1.7.2021

To be taken into consideration:

  • This Guideline is applied to the animal transports of low-capacity slaughterhouses, slaughterhouses and reindeer slaughterhouses.
  • The slaughterhouse's own animal transports and transports handled by contractual carriers are evaluated according to the same principles with the slaughterhouse operator responsible in both cases for the cleanliness of the animals.
  • The slaughterhouse is responsible for the cleanliness of animals delivered on an occasional basis by private persons to the extent that instructions have been provided, where necessary, at the time of purchase to the person delivering the animals.
  • The tagging and identification of animals are evaluated in point 9.4.
  • The checking of the identification documents of horses is evaluated in point 9.5.

Matters to be controlled:

  • Verification of the cleanliness of animals prior to transport
  • Cleanliness of the means of animal transport
  • Cleanliness and material of the animal transport containers
  • A designated place for washing means of animal transport, provided with appropriate equipment for cleaning, washing and disinfection
  • Has approval been granted for washing of means of animal transport somewhere else in connection with the approval of the establishment?
  • The facilities and equipment at a poultry slaughterhouse for the washing and disinfection of empty animal transport containers, and a facility for the storage of clean animal transport containers
  • The adequacy and suitability of own-check activities, and the own-check plan (sampling and testing plan), if appropriate, are controlled applying the Annex to Guideline 1.6: "General Compliance of Own-check with Requirements”.

Excellent: Operations are in line with the requirements.Operations comply with requirements.

Animals accepted for transport at the farm are clean.

The containers used for animal transport are made from a stainless material and they are easy to clean and disinfect.

The means of animal transport are adequately clean to ensure that animals do not become dirty during transport.

The designated place for washing means of animal transport is provided with appropriate equipment.

Good: There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.

The grade can be Good e.g. in cases where:

  • There are minor shortcomings in the cleanliness of animals accepted for transport at the farm. The actions taken by the slaughterhouse operator in relation to the carrier of animals have been appropriate and adequate.
  • There are some minor shortcomings in the cleaning and disinfection of the animal transport containers, but they do not affect the cleanliness of the animals.
  • There are some minor shortcomings in the cleanliness of the means of animal transport, but the animals do not become dirty during transport to the extent that it would impair food safety/hygiene of slaughtering.
  • There are some minor shortcomings in the equipment provided in the designated place for washing means of animal transport, but they do not cause the animals to become dirty during transport.

To be corrected: There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.

The grade can be To be corrected e.g. in cases where:

  • There are shortcomings in the cleanliness of animals accepted for transport at the farm. The actions taken by the slaughterhouse operator in relation to the carrier of animals in case of a deviation have been inadequate.
  • There are shortcomings in the cleaning and disinfection of the animal transport containers which affect the cleanliness of the animals.
  • There are shortcomings in the cleanliness of the means of animal transport and food safety is impaired because the animals become dirty during transport.
  • There are shortcomings in the equipment provided in the designated place for washing means of animal transport which cause the animals to become dirty during transport.

Poor: There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.

The grade can be Poor e.g. in cases where:

  • Animals accepted for transport at the farm are dirty. The slaughterhouse operator has failed to take corrective actions.
  • There are deficiencies in the cleaning and disinfection of the animal transport containers which affect the cleanliness of the animals.
  • There are shortcomings in the cleanliness of the means of animal transport and food safety is jeopardised because the animals become dirty during transport.
  • The equipment provided in the designated place for washing means of animal transport is deficient and washing cannot be carried out appropriately, or the animal compartments remain dirty after washing.

Legislation and guidelines (with any amendments) pertaining to the subject:

  • Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 on hygiene rules for food of animal origin; Annex II, Section II; Annex III, Section I, Chapters I and II; Annex III, Section II, Chapters I and II
  • Finnish Food Act 297/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food hygiene 318/2021.


Updates in version 2:

  • Guideline no. 2159/04.02.00.01/2021 replaces guideline no. 10301
  • List of legislation has been updated.


9.4 Tagging and Identification of Animals

Guide/version: 2160/04.02.00.01/2021/4, valid from 1.7.2021

To be taken into consideration:

  • This Guideline is applied to slaughterhouses, low-capacity slaughterhouses and reindeer slaughterhouses.
  • The compliance of operations with requirements, good practices as well as the adequacy and suitability of own-check activities to verify the management of food safety risks are taken into consideration in the evaluation.
  • Guideline 9.5 pertains to matters related to the checking of the identification documents of equine animals. Guideline 9.1 pertains to matters related to register queries regarding bovine animals.

Matters to be controlled:

  • Has the slaughterhouse received, delivered, accepted for carriage or slaughter untagged animals or animals with inadequate identification.
  • The operator in the slaughterhouse business maintains a list of the bovine animals, pigs, sheep and goats slaughtered at the slaughterhouse.
  • The adequacy and suitability of own-check activities and, where appropriate, the plan are controlled by applying the Annex to Guideline 1.6: "Adequacy and Suitability of Own-check Activities".

Excellent: Operations are in line with the requirements.Operations comply with requirements.

Operations comply with requirements, and own-check is adequate and suitable to verify the management of food safety risks. The operator has reacted quickly and effectively to remove any shortcomings. For example:

  • The own-check of the slaughterhouse describes how information on the animals accepted for slaughter, as well as their origin are checked, and how the animals are identified. The records maintained by the slaughterhouse of these matters are complete.
  • The slaughterhouse has not received, delivered, or accepted for carriage or slaughter untagged animals or animals with inadequate identification. In cases where the slaughterhouse has accepted for slaughter animals with inadequate identification, the documentation prepared about the matter complies with Finnish Food Authority's instructions.
  • The slaughterhouse maintains the list referred to in provisions of the bovine animals, pigs, sheep and goats slaughtered at the slaughterhouse.

Good: There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.

Operations comply in the main part with requirements, and own-check is adequate and suitable to verify the management of food safety risks. The grade can be Good e.g. in the following cases where:

  • There are some minor shortcomings in the records related to the implementation of own-check, deviations, or corrective actions.

To be corrected: There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.

The grade can be To be corrected e.g. in cases where:

  • The own-check is not up-to-date.
  • The slaughterhouse operator accepts animals with inadequate identification for slaughter and does not request the necessary clarifications of the origins, registration or identification of the animals.

Poor: There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.

The grade can be Poor e.g. in cases where:

  • The slaughterhouse has frequently received, delivered, or accepted for carriage or slaughter untagged animals or animals with inadequate identification.

Legislation and guidelines (with any amendments) pertaining to the subject:

  • Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 on hygiene rules for food of animal origin
  • Commission Implementing regulation (EU) 2019/627
  • Finnish Food Act 297/2021
  • Act on the Animal Identification System 238/2010
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food hygiene 318/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food control 315/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on the identification of bovine animals 326/2015
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on the identification of pigs 720/2012
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on the identification and registration of sheep and goats 469/2005, 333/2006, 356/2008, 194/2010.


Updates in version 4:

  • Guideline no. 2160/04.02.00.01/2021 replaces guideline no. 10302
  • List of legislation has been updated.

9.5 Checking of Identification Documents for Equine Animals

Guide/version: 2161/04.02.00.01/2021/3, valid from 1.9.2021

To be taken into consideration:

  • The Guideline is applied to slaughterhouses and low-capacity slaughterhouses that slaughter equine animals.
  • The compliance of operations with requirements, good practices as well as the adequacy and suitability of own-check activities to verify the management of food safety risks are taken into consideration in the evaluation.

Matters to be controlled:

  • The adequacy and suitability of own-check activities, and the plan, if appropriate, are controlled applying the Annex to Guideline 1.6: "General Compliance of Own-Check Activities with Requirements".
  • The slaughterhouse checks the identification documents of horses.
  • The slaughterhouse verifies that the identification document is for the horse delivered for slaughter.
  • The slaughterhouse checks the items regarding medication in the identification document.
  • The slaughterhouse submits the identification document to the official veterinarian before the ante mortem inspection.
  • Microchip transponders are recovered from the carcasses after slaughter and destroyed.

Excellent: Operations are in line with the requirements.Operations comply with requirements.

Operations comply with requirements, and own-check is adequate and suitable to verify the management of food safety risks. The operator has reacted quickly and effectively to remove any shortcomings. For example:

  • The own-check plan of the slaughterhouse describes the checking of the identification document for horses and the associated activities. The records maintained by the slaughterhouse of these matters are complete.
  • The slaughterhouse requires an identification document for all horses delivered for slaughter and checks the identification document for all horses delivered for slaughter.
  • The slaughterhouse checks that the identification document is original or has been renewed in accordance with rules which preserve the horse’s eligibility for slaughter.
  • The slaughterhouse verifies that the identification document is for the horse delivered for slaughter by checking the microchip number and/or the identification details indicated in the identification document against the horse.
  • The slaughterhouse checks the medication information on the horse from the identification document to ensure that the horse has not been excluded from slaughter for human consumption, and where a six-month withdrawal period has been set for the horse, it has lapsed.
  • The slaughterhouse submits the identification document to the official veterinarian before the ante mortem inspection.
  • The slaughterhouse recovers the microchip transponder from the carcass and destroys it according to the instructions.

Good: There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.

Operations comply in the main part with requirements, and own-check is adequate and suitable to verify the management of food safety risks. The grade can be Good e.g. in the following cases where:

  • There are some minor shortcomings regarding the record keeping of implementation of own-check, deviations, or corrective actions.

To be corrected: There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.

The grade can be To be corrected e.g. in cases where:

  • The own-check is not up-to-date.
  • The own-check does not provide a description of the checking of the identification document for horses, but the operator does check the identification documents.

Poor: There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.

The grade can be Poor e.g. in cases where:

  • The slaughterhouse operator does not check the identification document against the identification details of the horse.
  • The slaughterhouse operator accepts for slaughter horses which have an indication of being excluded from the food chain in their identification document, or a six-month withdrawal period set for the horse has not yet lapsed.
  • The slaughterhouse operator accepts a horse for slaughter even though its identification document does not contain the section required for the entry of medication data.
  • The slaughterhouse operator accepts a horse for slaughter with a replacement identification document or with a duplicate identification document (that is not utilizing the six month derogation procedure) issued after 1 July 2009.

Legislation and guidelines (with any amendments) pertaining to the subject:

  • Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 on food law
  • Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 on hygiene rules for food of animal origin
  • Finnish Food Act 297/2011
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food hygiene 318/2021
  • Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/2035 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2016/429 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards rules for establishments keeping terrestrial animals and hatcheries, and the traceability of certain kept terrestrial animals and hatching eggs
  • Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/963 laying down rules for the application of
  • Regulations (EU) 2016/429, (EU) 2016/1012 and (EU) 2019/6 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the identification and registration of equine animals and establishing model identification documents for those animals
  • Annex I and article 37 of Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2015/262 laying down rules pursuant to Council Directives 90/427/EEC and 2009/156/EC as regards the methods for the identification of equidae (Equine Passport Regulation), applied until 27.1.2022
  • Commission delegated regulation (EU) 2021/577 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2019/6 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the content and format of the information necessary to apply Articles 112(4) and 115(5) and to be contained in the single lifetime identification document referred to in Article 8(4) of that Regulation, applied from 28.1.2022
  • Finnish Food Authority’s Guide 15438/2: Checking of identification document for horse delivered for slaughter (in Finnish only).


Updates in version 3:

  • List of legislation has been updated
  • Guideline no. 2161/04.02.00.01/2021 replaces guideline no. 10303
  • Guideline no. 15438/2 replaces guideline no. 16014
  • A case from “TO BE CORRECTED” has been moved to “POOR” where the slaughterhouse operator accepts a horse for slaughter even though its identification document does not contain the section required for the entry of medication data.
  • A case from “TO BE CORRECTED” has been moved to “POOR” where the slaughterhouse operator accepts a horse for slaughter with a renewed identification document that causes the horse to be excluded from slaughter for human consumption.

9.6 Records of Animals Received for Slaughter

Guide/version: 2162/04.02.00.01/2021/5, valid from 1.7.2021

To be taken into consideration:

  • This point is applied to slaughterhouses and low-capacity slaughterhouses that slaughter red meat and poultry, and to slaughterhouses that slaughter farmed game.
  • The making of register queries is evaluated in point 9.1.
  • Information on the food chain is evaluated in point 9.2.
  • The tagging and identification of animals are evaluated in point 9.4.
  • The checking of the identification documents of horses is evaluated in point 9.5.

Matters to be controlled:

  • The records maintained by the slaughterhouse operator of animals accepted for slaughter.
  • The records maintained by the slaughterhouse operator of animals excluded from the production process.
  • The consistency of the number of animals excluded from the production process and slaughtered animals with the number of animals accepted for slaughter.
  • The adequacy and suitability of own-check, and the own-check plan, if appropriate, are controlled applying the Annex to Guideline 1.6: "General Compliance of Own-check with Requirements".

Excellent: Operations are in line with the requirements.Operations comply with requirements.

The slaughterhouse operator maintains records of animals accepted for slaughter and animals excluded from the production process.

The records are adequately reliable to verify that animals accepted for slaughter and animals excluded from the production process have been recorded.

Good: There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.

The grade can be Good e.g. in cases where:

  • There have been some minor shortcomings in the records of animals accepted for slaughter or animals excluded from the production process with respect to e.g. indication of dates.
  • The records of animals accepted for slaughter and animals excluded from the production process have been consistent with the number of slaughtered animals and animals removed from production, however.

To be corrected: There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.

The grade can be To be corrected e.g. in cases where:

  • The records of animals accepted for slaughter and animals excluded from the production process are not consistent with the number of slaughtered animals and animals removed from production.
  • The records have been written by hand and are illegible.

Poor: There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.

The grade can be Poor e.g. in cases where:

  • The records are not adequately reliable to verify that animals accepted for slaughter have been recorded or that all animals excluded from the production process have been recorded.
  • No records have been maintained of animals accepted for slaughter or animals excluded from the production process.

Legislation and guidelines (with any amendments) pertaining to the subject:

  • Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 on food law
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 on hygiene rules for food of animal origin
  • Finnish Food Act 297/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food hygiene 318/2021.


Updates in version 5:

  • Guideline no. 2162/04.02.00.01/2021 replaces guideline no. 10304
  • List of legislation has been updated.

9.7 Separation of Animals Delivered to a Slaughterhouse

Guide/version: 2163/04.02.00.01/2021/4, valid from 1.7.2021

To be taken into consideration:

  • This point is evaluated in slaughterhouses that slaughter domestic animals, poultry and farmed game, and in corresponding low-capacity slaughterhouses, as well as reindeer slaughterhouses and game processing establishments.
  • The purpose of this point is to evaluate the separation of live animals, and the arrangements for slaughtering in the reception facilities of the slaughterhouse, low-capacity slaughterhouse or reindeer slaughterhouse, such as animal sheds or pens.
  • The reception, and separation, if appropriate, of wild game, bears (can be delivered as skinned, i.e., carcasses) as well as farmed game and bison (can be delivered killed and unskinned) are also evaluated in this point.
  • The factors considered in the evaluation include compliance of operations with requirements, consideration of food chain information in the separation of animals, adequacy and suitability of own-check activities, and good operational practices.
  • The prevention of cross-contamination during the slaughtering process, after the stunning stage, is evaluated in point 5.2 "Separation of Activities of Different Hygiene Levels".
  • The separation of pigs from controlled housing conditions and other pigs to verify Trichinella sampling of other pigs is evaluated in point 5.2.

Matters to be controlled:

  • Consideration of factors related to food chain information and identification of animals in the separation of animals and in the slaughtering arrangements.
  • Consideration of the epidemiological situation on the location where the animals come from in the slaughtering arrangements.
  • Placing the animal in quarantine e.g. when food chain information is not provided before slaughter.
  • Separation of animals from other animals and slaughtering arrangements e.g. when:
    • animals are suspected or found to be sick,
    • animals are injured,
    • animals are dirty to the extent that slaughtering hygiene could be affected,
    • animals need to be slaughtered separately after other slaughtering operations due to determined or suspected salmonella or lack of salmonella results,
    • animals received from the same location have in successive slaughterings been found to carry campylobacter and the animals need to be slaughtered as the last animals of the day,
    • animals come from EHEC positive farms, or
    • separation of animals and slaughtering arrangements are necessary due to the results of the ante mortem examination.
  • Animals are slaughtered as the last animals of the day or separately from other animals
  • Own-check activities of carcass hygiene and freezing of carcasses as concerns wild game, and if appropriate, separation of carcasses.
  • The adequacy and suitability of own-check activities and, where appropriate, the plan are controlled by applying the Annex to Guideline 1.6: "Adequacy and Suitability of Own-check Activities".

Excellent: Operations are in line with the requirements.Operations comply with requirements.

Operations comply with requirements as regards the matters that are controlled. For example:

  • Food chain information has been taken into consideration and requirements have been complied with as concerns the separation of animals delivered to the slaughterhouse, and the slaughtering arrangements.
  • Where necessary, animals are slaughtered as the last animals of the day or separately from other animals so as to enable a thorough cleaning to be carried out after them before the next animals are slaughtered.
  • The own-check related to the separation of animals delivered to the slaughterhouse is adequate and suitable to ensure that food safety risks are under control.

Good: There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.There are small issues with the operations which do not impair food safety or mislead consumers.

For example:

  • There are some minor shortcomings as concerns the consideration of food chain information at the separation stage of the animals.
  • There are some minor shortcomings as concerns the separation of the animals, and the slaughtering arrangements, but the animals are slaughtered separately, which ensures that food safety is not jeopardised.
  • There are some minor shortcomings as concerns the own-check related to the separation of animals delivered to the slaughterhouse, but mostly activities have been appropriate.

To be corrected: There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.There are issues with the operations which impair food safety or mislead consumers. These issues must be rectified within a set period of time.

For example:

  • There are shortcomings as concerns the consideration of food chain information which impair food safety.
  • The actions necessary due to sickness or suspected sickness, injury, faecal contamination, own-check activities of salmonella, EHEC and campylobacter are not adequately taken into consideration in the separation of animals and in the slaughtering arrangements, and this impairs food safety.
  • There are shortcomings in the adequacy and suitability, and/or execution of the own-check which impair food safety.

Poor: There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.There are issues with the operations which jeopardise food safety or considerably mislead consumers, or the operator has failed to comply with orders that have been issued. These issues must be rectified with immediate effect.

For example:

  • Food chain information is not taken into consideration in the separation of the animals, and in the slaughtering arrangements and food safety is jeopardised.
  • The actions necessary due to sickness or suspected sickness, injury, faecal contamination, own-check activities of salmonella, EHEC and campylobacter are not adequately taken into consideration in the separation of animals and in the slaughtering arrangements, and this jeopardises food safety.
  • There are shortcomings in the adequacy and suitability, and/or execution of the own-check which jeopardise food safety.
  • The operator has failed to fulfil the orders issued with the grade To be corrected.

Legislation and guidelines (with any amendments) pertaining to the subject:

  • Regulation (EC) No 852/2004 on the hygiene of foodstuffs
  • Regulation (EC) No 853/2004 on hygiene rules for food of animal origin
  • Commission Implementing regulation (EU) 2019/627
  • Implementing Regulation (EC) No 2074/2005
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on food hygiene 318/2021
  • Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry on zoonoses 316/2021
  • Finnish Food Authority's Guide “Submission and control of food chain information”
  • Finnish Food Authority's Guide on the handling of wild game meat and supply of meat for sale.


Updates in version 4:

  • Guideline no. 2163/04.02.00.01/2021 replaces guideline no. 10305
  • List of legislation has been updated.