Finnish Grain Quality and Safety

News related to grain quality

Viljaseula collates important information on the quality and safety of the Finnish grain harvest. The information is based on the quality monitoring of the grain harvest carried out by the Plant Analysis laboratory of the Finnish Food Authority.

The publication contains data on the grain quality over the past ten years. For 2020, regional and varietal information is given. Since the information on the quality of each variety is based on samples at the farm level, the results represent cultivation in practice across the country. The information is provided in the form of brief texts for each grain variety and supplemented with tables, graphs and maps.

Quality and safety monitoring of the grain harvest has been carried out since 1966. An advantage of long-term monitoring is the ease of comparing between. Domestic grain production is a necessary part of our security of supply. Because no two growing seasons are the same, it is important to produce reliable and up-to-date information for the food chain on the quality, quantity and safety of the grain harvest.



The Finnish Food Authority’s analytics portal contains open research data on the quality of grain. 

The analytics portal contains data on the quality and yield estimates for different varieties of grain. You can view the results for individual years or see the averages for several years. Diagrams are available to illustrate the variation from year to year.

You can view data by means of maps: at a glance, you can see the grain quality data for the entire area of Finland. You can personally choose the year, grain type and variety whose results you want to examine.

To the analytics portal (in Finnish)

Background to the study

How did the quality of grain change as a consequence of the hot, dry summer? How about wet, cold summers? And where in Finland was the impact greatest? The Finnish Food Authority publishes study data produced by its laboratory on the analytics portal, and the data is open to everybody.

The quality of grain is of particular interest to farmers and companies that use grain, along with the food and animal feed industry. The quality of the harvest has a major impact on farmers’ finances and whether the grain can be used for animal feed or for human consumption. The material is utilised to monitor the quality and safety of grain, as well as for data searches, EU reporting and other studies.

The grain quality results are based on the Finnish Food Authority’s grain harvest quality and safety monitoring, which has taken place since 1966. The material consists of samples sent by farms, background information on the samples and the Finnish Food Authority’s analysis results. The results represent farm-level data on practical cultivated land.

The grain samples represent the grain sold on grain markets to the food and animal feed industries, as well as grain sold in transactions between farms or grain retained by farms for their own use. 

The farms included in the monitoring were selected using a sampling method from the Natural Resources Institute Finland’s register of agricultural and horticultural enterprises (approximately 50,000 farms). In 2018, approximately 1,500 farms were subject to quality monitoring in relation to the grain harvest. Samples were received up until the end of October.

No results will be visible for individual farmers, as the published data consists of mean and median averages.

Contact person

  • Elina Sieviläinen, Head of Section, mobile +358 40 848 6094,
Page last updated 4/21/2021