Importing of used agricultural and forestry machinery from outside the EU

Since 14 December 2019, new import requirements have been imposed on used forestry and agricultural machinery for imports from outside the EU. Used machines may collect plant material and soil on them. The purpose of the requirements and restrictions is to prevent the spread of plant diseases and pests with the machines. 

In order to prevent the spread of animal diseases, the Commission has adopted Safeguard Decision 2013/426 (as amended), which lays down the conditions for the entry into the EU of second-hand livestock vehicles from certain third countries.

Requirements for used agricultural and forestry machinery

Plant health

All consignments must have a Phytosanitary Certificate obtained from the phytosanitary authority of the sending country. In addition, import consignments must be reported in the TracesNT system as CHED-PP (Common Health Entry Document for Plants, Plant Products and Plant propagating material) (Plants and plant products – Traces). In practice, the machine must be cleaned and free from soil and plant material.

Animal diseases

Operator or driver of a livestock vehicle on arrival to EU territory must provide a certificate  showing that the livestock or loading compartment, where applicable the truck body, the loading ramp, the equipment having been in contact with animals, the wheels and the driver’scabin and protective clothes/boots used during unloading have been cleansed and disinfected after the last unloading of animals.

The certificate must be made according to the model set in Annex II Commission decision 2013/426 (with amendments, please see links at right) or it must include the equivalent information. The certificate must be in finnish, Swedish or English.

Uncleaned or untreated vehicles may only be imported with a permit from the Finnish Food Authority. The granting of an import permit shall be subject to the condition that the import does not pose a risk to human health or a risk of spreading animal diseases. The authorization lays down the import conditions.

The certificate of washing and disinfection of the  vehicle is required for livestock vehicles arriving from the following countries:

  • Belarus
  • Moldova
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • Ukraine

Importers must register

Importers of products requiring a phytosanitary certificate must register in the plant protection register of Finnish Food Authority. You can find the registration instructions and the form here (in Finnish). In addition, the importer must apply to TracesNT (Traces - Plants and plant products).

Phytosanitary inspection of used machinery

Plant health

The documents of all import consignments shall be checked at the border control point (Authorised border control points for plants, timber and used machinery (in Finnish), through which the machine enters the EU. 5 % of the import consignments are physically inspected. These inspection procedures have not yet been established, so the machines are not physically inspected yet. The Finnish Food Authority will inform on these pages when the physical inspection starts. Once the documentary check has been carried out, the machine can be transferred from the border control point and taken to use.

Animal diseases

Customs checks the above-mentioned certificate and the vehicle at the point of entry into the EU and, if the result is satisfactory, issues a certificate in accordance with Annex III to Decision 2013/426 (as amended). If the cleaning and disinfection is not satisfactory, Customs may order the vehicle to return to the country of origin or to be immediately washed and disinfected at a separately designated place. Return or washing and disinfection must be carried out within 48 hours of the inspection.

Customs may order the disinfection of the wheels or any other part of any vehicle (including vehicles transporting feed) for which a significant risk of African swine fever cannot enter the territory of the Union cannot be ruled out.

The original certificate issued by Customs shall be kept for three years by the operator or the driver of the livestock vehicle.

Import fees

Plant health

Inspection fees can be found in price list (in Finnish/Swedish) (Kasvintuotanto ja lannoitteet – Kasvinterveys ja taimiaineistot – Tuonti- ja vientitarkastukset – Tuontitarkastukset - Otantatarkastusta edellyttävien tuote-erien tuontitarkastusmaksu, tuontilähetystä kohti).

Animal diseases

Customs carries out inspections as part of customs operations. For more information, please contact Customs.

More information:


Import of animal products

Advice: (animal diseases)


Page last updated 7/24/2020